Delivering a Continuum of Services, Third Edition
Special Education Considerations for Multilingual Learners
Special Education

Multilingual learners in Grades K–12 are often overidentified or underidentified for special education. The third edition of this groundbreaking text offers a better way to meet the needs of multilingual learners: by creating a culturally and linguistically responsive multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) and implementing a continuum of services that meets the needs of the whole child.


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STOCK NUMBER ISBN
56283 978-1-68125-628-3
COPYRIGHT PAGES
2023 306
AVAILABILITY
Not Yet Published

Multilingual learners in Grades K–12 are often overidentified or underidentified for special education. The third edition of this groundbreaking text offers a better way to meet the needs of multilingual learners: by creating a culturally and linguistically responsive multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) and implementing a continuum of services that meets the needs of the whole child.

Shifting away from traditional ways that schools address the needs of students who experience challenges, the new edition of this text takes a strengths-based approach to supporting multilingual students and focuses on the complex issues that affect a multilingual learner's development. Chapters have been fully updated to reflect the latest best practices and reorganized to better align with MTSS. Educators and other school-based professionals will be fully prepared to:

  • Form collaborative MTSS teams that blend the diverse expertise of staff members
  • Evaluate and enhance the learning environment for multilingual learners
  • Gather extensive data about six critical factors in students’ home and school life, from previous schooling experiences to cross-cultural factors
  • Authentically assess the strengths of multilingual learners
  • Create a continuum of services that addresses the individual needs of each student
  • Plan effective instruction and intervention using a multilingual lens
  • Monitor the effectiveness of support strategies and programming for multilingual learners

PRACTICAL FEATURES:

  • MTSS team activities to support professional learning
  • Templates, a rating scale, and other reproducible tools
  • Real-world examples from the field
  • Discussion questions to help teams apply the concepts to their own student population 

Foreword

Preface

About the Online Resources

 

Chapter 1: A FRAMEWORK FOR CONSIDERING THE SPECIAL NEEDS OF MULTILINGUAL LEARNERS

Key Concepts

Reasons for the Misidentification of Special Needs

Developing a Multi-Tiered System of Supports

The Need to Provide Relevant Services in a Timely Manner

Some Myths Regarding Multilingual Learners and Special Education

The Continuum of Services Framework

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 2: A COLLABORATIVE MODEL OF INFORMATION GATHERING AND SERVICE PROVISION

Key Concepts

Getting a Head Start

Challenges to This Continuum of Services

Responsibilities of MTSS Teams

Makeup of MTSS Teams

Building Professional Bridges across Specializations

Characteristics of an Effective MTSS Team

How to Form Effective MTSS Teams

What MTSS Teams Can Accomplish

An Innovative Approach

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 3: THE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT CREATED FOR MULTILINGUAL LEARNERS

Key Concepts

Key Factors in the Learning Environment

Evaluating the Adequacy of the Learning Environment

Enhancing the Learning Environment

Considering the Six Integral Factors

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 4: PERSONAL AND FAMILY FACTORS

Key Concepts

Key Factors in the Student’s Personal and Family Background

Information Gathering

Systemic Support Strategies

Specific Support Strategies

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 5: PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

Key Concepts

Key Physical and Psychological Factors

Information Gathering

Systemic Support Strategies

Specific Support Strategies

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 6: PREVIOUS SCHOOLING FACTORS

Key Concepts

Key Factors in Previous Schooling

Information Gathering and Evaluating the Adequacy of Previous Schooling

Systemic Support Strategies

Specific Support Strategies

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 7: ORAL LANGUAGE AND LITERACY DEVELOPMENT

Key Concepts

Key Factors in Oral Language Development

Key Factors in Literacy Development

Understanding the Relationship between Students’ Home Language and English

Language Use Patterns

Information Gathering What to Assess in Oral Language and Literacy How to Assess Oral Language and Literacy Comparisons with Peers

Systemic Learning Support Strategies

Specific Learning Support Strategies

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 8: ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

Key Concepts

Key Factors in Academic Performance

Gathering Information about Academic Performance

Systemic and Specific Learning Support Strategies

Questions for Discussion

Questions for Study Groups

 

Chapter 9: CROSS-CULTURAL FACTORS

Key Concepts

Key Characteristics of Culture

Information Gathering and Evaluating Cultural Difference Factors

Systemic Support Strategies

Specific Support Strategies

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 10: DESCRIBING BEFORE IDENTIFYING: WHEN SPECIFIC CHALLENGES PERSIST FOR SOME MULTILINGUAL LEARNERS

Key Concepts

The Importance of Describing before Identifying

The Process of Data Collection and Explanation

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 11: DELIVERING A CONTINUUM OF SERVICES

Key Concepts

Providing Support in a Timely Manner

A Solution-Seeking Approach Based on Meaning

A Forum for Crafting and Evaluating Interventions

Key Principles for Crafting and Evaluating Interventions

Validating Difficulties and Intervening across Contexts

Home Language and Culture as Resources

A Sample Process

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Chapter 12: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER

Key Concepts

Identification of Multilingual Learners Who Experience Significant Challenges in School

Anticipating and Addressing Predictable Challenges

Creating a Supportive and Enriched Learning Environment

Questions for Reflection and Action

 

Glossary

References

Index

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  • Includes team activities and discussion questions to facilitate book studies and professional development efforts
  • Includes checklists, rating scales, and other downloadable tools to support implementation

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